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Keep up-to-date with the latest news from the Hinda and Arthur Marcus Institute for Aging Research at Hebrew SeniorLife.

New Study Finds a Mediterranean-Style Diet May Reduce Likelihood of Frailty

Frailty occurs in 10-15% of the population but a new study, published in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, found that consuming a Mediterranean-style diet may prevent frailty. Changing their diet can help people prevent frailty.

Study Finds Geriatric Depression Can Be Treated By Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation

BOSTON – Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) can be a safe, effective nonpharmacological intervention that can treat older adults who suffer from geriatric depression even when they also have other chronic health conditions, such as dementia or Alzheimer’s disease.

New Study Finds Staff Assumptions about Race Play a Role in the Variability of Care of Nursing Homes Residents with Advanced Dementia

Remedies include addressing staff biases, increasing funding for facilities, standardizing advance-care planning, and educating staff and families about evidence-based care and shared decision making
BOSTON – A new study published today in the Journal of the American Medical Association Internal Medicine (JAMA IM) found several factors – including staff assumptions about minoritized groups – may play a role in the variability in the quality of care provided to U.S.

A Multifaceted Statewide COVID-19 Infection Control Program in Massachusetts Nursing Homes Reduced Infection Rates in the Most Vulnerable Residents

BOSTON – A new study published today in the Journal of Gerontology: Medical Sciences found that multifaceted interventions, particularly cohorting of residents, in addition to adherence to proper infection control procedures, can reduce COVID-19 infections, even in facilities with high percentages of high-risk residents. Earlier studies found that high-risk nursing home residents, especially those who were Black or were suffering from dementia, tended to have higher infection rates for COVID-19.

Study Shows that Consumption of a Pro-Inflammatory Diet is Associated with Increased Odds of Frailty Onset in Middle-Aged and Older Adults

Regularly Eating Nutrients Such as Dietary Fiber and Dietary Antioxidants May Prevent Older Adults from Becoming Frail

BOSTON – Results of a study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition indicate that regularly consuming a diet of pro-inflammatory foods (e.g., those rich in simple carbohydrates or in saturated fats) is associated with increased likelihood of developing frailty in middle-aged and older adults. Frailty affects between 10-15 percent of community-living older adults – making it a significant public health issue.

Solarea Bio Teams up with Hebrew SeniorLife Investigators on a Newly Awarded U.S. National Academy of Medicine Catalyst Grant

Healthy Longevity Initiative Grant Awarded to Study the Mycobiome as a Novel Class of Probiotics to Target Inflammaging

BOSTON – Solarea Bio, a biotechnology company in Cambridge, Mass., and leading researchers at Harvard Medical School affiliated Hebrew SeniorLife, New England’s largest nonprofit provider of senior health care and living communities, are co-investigators on a competitive research grant from the U.S. National Academy of Medicine’s Healthy Longevity Initiative.

Social Determinants of Health Provide Better Understanding of Brain Vulnerability to Delirium

BOSTON – A Hebrew SeniorLife study published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society provides a framework to better understand risk factors for developing delirium, a common psychiatric syndrome that is costly and potentially life-threatening when present in older adults. Attributable health care costs of delirium exceed $164 billion per year across all older adults, and represent a significant public health priority.

Study Shows Economic Impact of Post-Op Delirium Rivals Costs Associated with Cardiovascular Disease and Diabetes

Results Suggest That Delirium Has Substantial Public Health Implications

BOSTON – Results of a study published today in JAMA Surgery reveal the impact post-operative delirium has on health care costs in the U.S. Data from the study shows that if delirium were prevented or made less severe for patients, it could reduce health care costs by $33 billion per year, that is, $44,300 per patient per year. Severe delirium resulted in an additional $56,500 per patient per year, as compared to routine health care costs for older post-operative patients.

Study Shows Delirium Can Signal Presence of COVID-19 in Asymptomatic Older Patients Admitted to the Emergency Department

BOSTON – A study published today in JAMA Network Open/Emergency Medicine supports evidence that older persons admitted to emergency departments (ED), and subsequently diagnosed positive for COVID-19, often present with delirium when they show no other typical COVID-19 symptoms, such as fever and cough. Sharon K.