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Keep up-to-date with the latest news from the Hinda and Arthur Marcus Institute for Aging Research at Hebrew SeniorLife.

Postoperative Delirium in Cardiac Surgery Patients Associated with Prolonged Cognitive Impairment

Older patients undergoing cardiac surgery often experience changes in cognitive function, such as memory problems or an inability to focus, in the days immediately following their operations. While these changes are usually temporary, for unknown reasons, a significant number of cardiac patients will encounter long-term cognitive problems, lasting as long as a year after their surgeries.

Nursing Home Residents at Heightened Risk of Falling in the Days Following Antidepressant Prescription or Dosage Change, says Institute for Aging Research Study

Nursing home residents taking certain antidepressant medications are at an increased risk of falling in the days following the start of a new prescription or a dose increase of their current drug, according to a new study by the Hinda and Arthur Marcus Institute for Aging Research of Hebrew SeniorLife, an affiliate of Harvard Medical School.

Aggressive Care Raises Medicare Costs in End-Stage Dementia, says Institute for Aging Research Study

A large proportion of Medicare expenditures for nursing home residents with advanced dementia is spent on aggressive treatments that may be avoidable and of limited clinical benefit, according to a new study by the Hinda and Arthur Marcus Institute for Aging Research, an affiliate of Harvard Medical School, published in the online version of the Archives of Internal Medicine on January 10, 2011.

Antibiotics Improve Survival but Not Comfort for Terminal Dementia Patients with Pneumonia

A new study by scientists at the Hinda and Arthur Marcus Institute for Aging Research of Hebrew SeniorLife says the use of antibiotics to treat pneumonia in patients with terminal dementia presents a “doubled-edged” sword for health-care providers and family members, finding that antibiotics may prolong survival for these patients, but do not improve their comfort.

Hinda and Arthur Marcus Institute for Aging Research Study Finds Racial Differences in Hospice Use for Heart Failure

Building on previous studies that have found racial differences in hospice use, a new study from the Hinda and Arthur Marcus Institute for Aging Research of Hebrew SeniorLife and Boston University School of Medicine finds that blacks and Hispanics use hospice for advanced heart failure at a rate of up to 50 percent less than whites, despite a markedly higher rate of incidence of the disease in these populations.

Hinda and Arthur Marcus Institute for Aging Research Study Finds Understanding End-Stage Dementia Improves End-of-Life Care

Nursing home residents with end-stage dementia whose health care proxies understand the clinical course of the disease are less likely to be treated aggressively near the end of life and more likely to receive comfort care, according to researchers at the Hinda and Arthur Marcus Institute for Aging of Hebrew SeniorLife, affiliated with Harvard Medical School.

Hinda and Arthur Marcus Institute for Aging Research Study Finds Understanding End-Stage Dementia Improves End-of-Life Care

Nursing home residents with end-stage dementia whose health care proxies understand the clinical course of the disease are less likely to be treated aggressively near the end of life and more likely to receive comfort care, according to researchers at the Hinda and Arthur Marcus Institute for Aging Research of Hebrew SeniorLife, affiliated with Harvard Medical School.

Hinda and Arthur Marcus Institute for Aging Research Study Finds That Delirium Accelerates Memory Decline in Alzheimer’s Patients

Scientists have long suspected that delirium, an acute and relatively sudden confusional state, is linked to dementia. In fact, studies have shown that dementia patients are at increased risk of developing dementia. Now, researchers at the Marcus Institute of Hebrew SeniorLife have found that episodes of delirium rapidly accelerate cognitive decline and memory loss in Alzheimer’s disease patients. The study appeared in the May 5 issue of the journal Neurology.

Researchers Find Disparities in Depression Among Older Hispanics in U.S.

Older Puerto Ricans have higher rates of depression than other Hispanics living in the United States, according to a new study by researchers at Hebrew SeniorLife’s Hinda and Arthur Marcus Institute for Aging Research.

HSL Scientists Contribute to Gene Study That Could Aid in Osteoporosis Detection

A consortium of researchers, including scientists at Hebrew SeniorLife’s Hinda and Arthur Marcus Institute for Aging Research, has identified common variations of genes that are associated with both bone mineral density (BMD) and fracture risk. The findings may help clinicians predict who is at risk for osteoporosis-related fractures and may help in the development of new anti-osteoporosis drugs.

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